It had a maximum speed of 230 mph (370 km/h), a range of 460 miles (740 km) and a service ceiling of 33,500 feet (10,210 meters). "Gladiator, Gauntlet, Fury, Demon". The Gloster Gauntlet was a British single-seat biplane fighter of the RAF, designed and built by Gloster Aircraft in the 1930s. It was the last RAF fighter to have an open cockpit and the penultimate biplane fighter in service. This was replaced in production by the Mk. Fourteen RAF squadrons were equipped with Gauntlets, making it the largest operator of the Gauntlet. The Mercury was a successor to the outdated Bristol Jupiter radial engine, but initial results with the Mercury IIA engine were disappointing and the project was abandoned. There is a choice between two-bladed (Mk. The Gladiator was developed from the earlier Gloster Gauntlet and still sported the preceding type’s biplane wing appearance but situated the pilot in an enclosed cockpit. Diese Flugzeuge dienten bis 1940 vor allem im Mittleren Osten. The Gloster S.S.18 first flew in January 1929. Gloster designed the prototype as a private venture S.S.37 , a successor to the Gauntlet then in RAF service. Although it was originally beaten out by the Bristol Bulldog during the initial trials, eventually it was able to supersede it as the SS.19. ©Larry Dwyer. The kit features engraved panel lines and stressed fabric effect on the rear fuselage and wings, and the fuselage interior contains raised framing detail in the cockpit area. Gloster designed, produced and flew the model SS.18 prototype in January of 1929, fitting a Bristol Mercury IIA series radial engine of 450 horsepower and followed this attempt with the similar SS.18A and SS.18B models. Foreign users were Denmark and Finland. [2] At the height of its career, the Gauntlet equipped a total of 14 Squadrons of RAF Fighter Command. The Gloster Gladiator (also known as the Gloster SS.37) is a 1930s British biplane fighter. The Gloster Gauntlet holds the distinction of being the last open-air cockpit biplane aircraft used by the Royal Air Force. The tubing used a ball end that was cupped into bolts and passed through the fish plates and braced with cables. OH-XGT. Gloster Gauntlet Mk.II. The order was followed up with more for the revised Gauntlet Mk. This is the result of 3 pilot-photographers in action. Gloster Gauntlet The Gauntlet Mk. [3] No. The Gloster Gladiator was a British-built biplane fighter.It was used by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the Fleet Air Arm (FAA) (as the Sea Gladiator variant) and was exported to a number of other air forces during the late 1930s.. Gloster Gauntlet. The Gladiator entered service with the Royal Air Force in 1937 and was used in front-line fighter duties until around 1941, after being declared obsolete RAF Gladiators did non-combat work like meteorological work, Finland still used the Gladiator in combat duties until 1945. Due the unreliability of the Vickers guns, they had to be placed in the cockpit to allow the pilot access to clear gun jams. The Gloster Gauntlet had its origins in the Mercury IIA powered SS.18 J9125 which was designed against specification F.20/27 and flew in January 1929. The South African Air Force utilized ex-RAF Gauntlets in Nos. The Gauntlet was a development of the Gloster S.S.19B design, which originally mounted six machine guns (four in the wings and two in the fuselage), the original S.S.19 prototype being re-engined with a Bristol Mercury VIs engine, first flying in this form in 1933. It was the last RAF fighter to have an open cockpit and the penultimate biplane fighter in service. Gloster Gauntlet oli brittiläinen kaksitasoinen yksimoottorinen yksipaikkainen hävittäjälentokone, jota voitiin käyttää sekä päivä- että yötoimintaan.Kone kehitettiin 1920-luvun puolivälin jälkeen. Once equipped with a proper engine, it achieved a speed of 204 mph (328 km/h), making made it 30 mph (48 km/h) faster than the Bulldog and almost as fast as the Hawker Fury. Ta zahrnovala instalaci třílisté vrtule, náhrady montážní metody trupové příhrady Gloster Hawkerovou a další vylepšení. Performing a loop was pleasant. [3], The Gauntlet Mk II entered service with 56 Squadron and 111 Squadron in May 1936, a further six squadrons being re-equipped with the Gauntlet by the end of the year. In November 1937, the Gloster Gauntlet became the first aircraft in history to be directed to a target solely with ground-based radar during night-fighter experiments, by intercepting a civilian airliner over the Thames River.4 In 1940, Gauntlets were still in service in Palestine and while in East Africa, Gauntlets were credited for the downing of an Italian Caproni Ca 133 series bomber and used for limited ground attack sorties. Die Gloster Gauntlet war die letzte Jagdmaschine der britischen Luftwaffe mit einem offenen Cockpit. This kept the guns free from the propeller arc, but they increased the gross weight to 3,900 lbs (1,770 kg) as opposed to the earlier weight of 3,200 lbs (1,450 kg). English: Gloster Gauntlet OH-XGT Cockpit from right at Kymi Airport, Finland 20060627. The Royal Danish Air Force used it in its No.1 Squadron, including 17 aircraft that were produced under license in Denmark. II. The improved Gauntlet Mk II was the most produced model and 104 aircraft were ordered in April 1935 and an additional 100 aircraft were ordered the following September. Vznikla tak verze Gauntlet Mk.II, který provedl první let v září 1935. It was the last RAF fighter to have an open cockpit and the penultimate biplane fighter in service. It began with a slight dive and light pressure was applied on the stick, which brought the airplane over the top without any tendency to stall. Gloster Gauntlet 1. 32 (The Royal) Squadron RAF Gauntlets were used in early trials of ground direction of fighters by radar.[2]. Gloster Gauntlet. The Air Staff was not very enthusiastic about the heavier armament and they were removed and instead it was equipped with night flying equipment. The Gloster Gauntlet had its origins in the Mercury IIA powered SS.18 J9125 which was designed against specification F.20/27 and flew in January 1929. 1 and No. The Gloster Gauntlet is injection molded in khaki plastic and is composed of 34 plastic parts and two resin parts, for the cowling and radial engine. I entered service in May 1935. All home-based Gauntlet squadrons had re-equipped with more modern fighters by the start of the Second World War,[citation needed] but remained in service in the Middle East for longer, with a flight of Gauntlets remaining in service with No.3 Sqn RAAF in the Middle East when Italy declared war in 1940. Wixey, Kenneth E. "The Gloster Gauntlet story". It was the last RAF fighter to have an open cockpit and the penultimate biplane fighter in service. The Gauntlet would be the last opened cockpit fighter to be used by the Royal Air Force and would achieve the historic landmark of becoming the first aircraft to intercept another by the use of Radar. The rear fuselage was changed to a Hawker system of steel and aluminum tubing, bolted together with fish plates. Already obsolete, they were used as advanced trainers by the Finns. Despite its obsolescence, it remained in service in the Middle East until as late as 1943.1. Das Hauptmodell jedoch war die Gloster Gauntlet MkII mit einem dreiblättrigen Fairey-Reed-Metallpropeller. Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gloster_Gauntlet&oldid=999881076, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Some pilots actually carried a mallet in the cockpit to whack the guns back into action.3 An arrangement of four additional Lewis machine guns was tried on the J9125 prototype, by installing two guns on the upper wing and two guns on the lower wing. [6] The Finnish nickname for the Gauntlet was Kotletti (literally "cutlet"). The Aviation History Online Museum. We had fun!. Folland's team at Gloster to meet Specification F.7/30. Without a suitable engine being available at the time, the Gauntlet just wasn't up to the task and as a result, it did not enter service until 1935. It was originally built to meet the 1926 Air Ministry specification F.9/26, as a successor to the Gloster Gamecock. The original S.S.19 prototype being re-engined with a Bristol Mercury VIS engine, first flying in this form in 1933.On testing the S.S.19, the Air Ministry placed an order for 24 aircraft in September 1933, to be named the "Gauntlet". This … It went into service in 1936 with the Nos. Created November 6, 2014. However, no planes were able to meet this requirement and in 1927, a new specification F.20/27 was issued. Date: 27 June 2006: Source: Own work: Author: Bergfalke2: Licensing . [2] The Gauntlet was the fastest aircraft in the RAF from 1935 to 1937. The Gloster Gauntlet was a British single-seat biplane fighter of the RAF, designed and built by Gloster Aircraft in the 1930s. 14/35, the initial contracts being for 23 fighters. As more advanced fighters, such as the Gloster Gladiator, Hawker Hurricane and Supermarine Spitfire started to re-equip the Gauntlet squadrons in 1936 and 1937, the Gauntlets were passed on to freshly formed units as their first equipment to allow them to gain training before receiving more modern fighters. Overall, there weren’t many major outside changes to the Gauntlet during its life, and it was a pretty good airplane from the start. Armament consisted of two Vickers .303 caliber synchronized machine guns. 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