Spina bifida occulta — The spinal column is not completely closed. The symptoms of spinal bifida can range from mild or severe depending on the severity of the condition itself. Spina bifida is a neural tube birth defect that prevents your child's vertebrae from forming correctly. These may include: Physical and intellectual disabilities. However, recent studies suspect that the cause of this defect is multifactorial. In most cases SBO causes no symptoms, however cases associated with back and urogenital problems have been reported. The exact cause of spina bifida occulta is not known. Spina bifida is the defective closure of the vertebral column. The opening can be repaired through surgery, but the nerve damage is permanent. Paralysis. The signs and symptoms of spina bifida may not be noticeable, at least not at first. Symptoms of Spina Bifida. If it’s a mild case of spina bifida, they might experience weakness in their legs. But the nervous system will usually already have been damaged, which can lead to problems such as: weakness or total paralysis of the legs Most patients have no neurological signs or symptoms. There are several types of spina bifida. Meningocele — Part of covering of the spinal cord called the … Part of the spinal cord and nerves are in this sac and are … Loss of sensation and an inability to control bladder or bowel function are common. In myelomeningocele, the child may have muscle weakness or paralysis below the level of the incompletely closed spinal column, because nerves traveling to the rest of the body from the spinal cord do not function properly. Most people with spina bifida occulta (SPY-nuh BIF-ih-duh uh-KUL-tuh) do not even know they have it. SBO has an estimated prevalence of 12.4%. The possible causes may include: 1. They may have a dimple, patch of hair, or a red mark at the base of the spine. Three types of spina bifida are most common: Myelomeningocele. A midline vertebral body defect or cystic spinal cord lesion Elevated maternal alpha-fetoprotein The symptoms of spina bifida vary from person to person, depending on the type and level of involvement. Spina bifida is a birth defect in which an area of the spinal column doesn’t form properly, leaving a section of the spinal cord and spinal nerves exposed through an opening in the back. In a small number of people, spina bifida occulta causes pain and neurological challenges like tethered spinal cord, a complication that can be surgically corrected. They may have a dimple, patch of hair, or a red mark at the base of the spine. Spina Bifida Meningocelepresents with: 1. For instance, spina bifida occulta may not show any symptoms due to spinal nerves not being involved. Uneven Hips. In general, the malformations that result from this abnormality in development are termed spina bifida. However, the resulting malformation can vary from mild and innocuous to very severe and life-threatening. The more severe form of spina bifida occulta may also be asymptomatic for a long time, but at some point the affected individual finds that they suffer from a loss of leg reflexes, leg numbness, back stiffness, sensitivity at the site of the abnormality when pressed, incontinence, or weakness of the legs. However, most people with spina bifida without hydrocephalus are of normal intelligence. Some people with spina bifida occulta also have a tethered cord. He may need to use a wheelchair, cane, or … Maternal age- this anomaly is more commonly seen in newborns of teenage mothers 2. Environmental factors 4. At MGHfC, we think spina bifida can be a very confusing term – sometimes it refers to complicated conditions like myelomeningocele, while in other cases it refers to extremely mild forms of spinal problems that don’t cause any symptoms, such as spina bifida occulta. While all forms of Spina Bifida can be accompanied by spinal cord tethering, it rarely occurs with Spina Occulta. The symptoms of spina bifida are admittedly upsetting to deal with. Spina Bifida Occulta Advice Although most cases of occulta are completely harmless, there are some which might be problematic. The symptoms of spina bifida vary depending upon the type of defect at hand. Symptoms With spina bifida occulta, the most obvious sign might be a tuft of hair or a birthmark at the site of the defect. There are four main types of spina bifida: Occulta:This is the mildest form. The person may never know they have spina bifida unless a test for another condition reveals it by chance. There may be a small birthmark, dimple or tuft of hair on the skin where the spinal defect is. However, in some cases the closure and normal development of the neural tube does not proceed correctly. Spina bifida occulta does not result in serious neurological abnormalities. 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